Nicosia is the only divided city in the world. It is the capital of Cyprus and offers a lot variety of places to visit, both for the tourists and the locals.
Nicosia is best for shopping. There are traditional shops that sell cultural trinkets and gifts. There are also modern boutiques with latest fashioned garments. Many restaurants and coffee shops are there to satisfy every need of the tourists.
Nicosia is also famous for its historical importance. It is well known for its famous Venetian Walls. They were built in 1567. These historical forts were fortified to defend against Ottoman attacks. They are a major tourist attraction. These are some of the best preserved renaissance walls found in the Eastern Mediterranean.
The Paphos Gate is located just 10m from the Turkish zone of Nicosia. The Church of the Holy Cross straddles the both sides of the city. Its rear door is in the North zone. The 11th floor of the Shacolas Building offers an amazing panoramic view of the walled city. The Laiki Geitonia is a pedestrian area with cafes and craft shops. It is a great place to halt and to rest your feet during your exploration of the city.
Another must visit place in Nicosia is the Famagusta Gate. It has been restored and it now houses the Municipal Cultural Centre of the city. It offers an interesting schedule of exhibitions. The Archbishops Palace is another great attraction for the visitors. It was built in 1960. The new Archbishop’s Palace offers the Byzantine style of its predecessor. The Ethnographic Museum is situated within this building. Another historical place in Nicosia is the stunning Byzantine Art Museum dating back to the 6th century. The early Christian works in Kanakaria mosaics represent saints and the Apostles.
The city of Nicosia is easy to explore on foot, but it is difficult to explore by any other means of transport. If you are travelling by car, you have to leave your vehicle at the Tripoli Bastion Car Park. It is locate near the Paphos Gate.
Nicosia is also known as Lefkosia. It is divided with a Green Line that runs right across the old City from East to West. The Municipality of Nicosia is trying their level best to revive the stagnated areas along the Green Line with the motive of reunification. It is the main goal of both the Cypriot and Turkish communities, on either side of the divide. You have to show your ID or passport in order to cross over from one side to the other, either by car or on foot at Ledra Street. Special insurance is required for vehicles travelling from the South side of the island to the North. It provides adequate coverage while driving. This insurance can be purchased at the border crossing. The Independence Day in Cyprus is one of the major events of the country. It is organised on 1st October to celebrate the independence gained from the British in 1960. It is celebrated with a military parade, processions and parties. The Aglandjia Festival is another main event in Nicosia. It is a 2-week festival of dance, music and theatrical performances, and is held in the middle of June.